The vandals also broke down the gate to the bridge leading to the temple.
According to the church leaders, the attack came after a "quarrel between a few young men".
The invasion of Ukraine has led to tense relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and other parishes.
The Nevsky church property was initially purchased by Tsar Alexander II in 1859 and remained under Russian control until 1917.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine does not seem to get even slightly closer to an end.
Epiphanius I, head of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, stated that "the spirit of the anti-Christ operates in the leader of Russia"
The Kremlin claims to "protect Orthodoxy" but facts tell a different story.
In 2019, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople recognized the Ukrainian Orthodox Church as independent.
According to lawyer Subhan Hasanli, the new regulations "amount to the installation of a new, state-centred religion.”