Islamic Caliphate movement gains popularity in Indonesia
The Islamic caliphate movement in Indonesia, a Muslim-majority country, is gaining considerable ground despite both governmental and grassroots pressure to suppress its spread.
Indonesian authorities have taken steps to ban some hardline Islamic organizations, including Hizb ut-Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) and the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). However, radicalized militants who believe that Indonesia should be a caliphate are continuing to be vocal.
Last year, the founder of FPI, Muhuammad Riqieq Shihab, was arrested and jailed on charges that included blasphemy and hate speech. However, new leaders quickly emerged for the group who were just as intent on bringing about Muslim rule in Indonesia
In addition, it many of the jihadists seem to have abandoned violent terror attacks in favor of more peaceful strategies, including preaching, to gain wider recognition and avoid arrest. They have amassed many followers and established many centers across the country.